Tag Archives: Ulysses S. Grant National Historical Site. “Lee’s army is really whipped,” declared Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant to Maj. Gen. Henry Halleck on May 26, 1864. Enslaved people also cared for the orchards and gardens, harvesting the fruits and vegetables for consumption by all who lived on the property. Discover a rich slice of American history in the suburbs of modern St. Louis. As… Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885) is famous for leading the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy during the American Civil War and for serving as the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877.Grant led the Union forces to victory in many critical battles and in 1864, President Lincoln elevated him to the rank of General-in-chief of all the Union Armies. Ulysses S. Grant was from Ohio, a free state, and born Hiram Ulysses Grant into a family of abolitionists. Two more children were born, Ellen, born on July 4, 1855, and Jesse, in February 1858. Upcoming dates, times and sighting details for the space station's next passes over Ulysses S Grant National Historic Site, Missouri, United States * In 1839, seventeen-year-old Hiram Ulysses Grant - later known as Ulysses S. Grant - had no inclination for military service. Over the years, the initials U.S. earned him such prophetic nicknames as United States, Uncle Sam, and Unconditional Surrender. [2], Many visitors to Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site are surprised to learn that enslaved people lived and worked on the 19th-century farm known as White Haven. White Haven marks the residence of Grant and his wife, Julia Dent. Ulysses S. Grant National Historical Site, Saint Louis: See 507 reviews, articles, and 209 photos of Ulysses S. Grant National Historical Site, ranked No.24 on Tripadvisor among 248 attractions in … He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. The views expressed in this essay are solely the author’s and do not reflect the views of the National Park Service. In addition, special programs are held throughout the year. The site, operated by the National Park Service, is also known as White Haven, the house where Grant lived with his wife Julia Dent Grant, his children, and his in-laws from 1854 to 1859. He served six more years in the Army before leaving to be closer to his growing family. [4], Each of the farm's early residents enslaved people during their tenure on the Gravois property. He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. This national historic site in St. Louis County commemorates the life and celebrated military career of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States. Directions: The The Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site [ Waypoint = N38 33.059 W90 21.125 ] is located at 7400 Grant Road in St. Louis, Missouri 63123. Its reference number is 79003205. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant). Throughout their lives together, White Haven proved to be a focal point for Ulysses and Julia. University of Missouri Press, 1993. Grant first met Julia here at White Haven, her family home, where they resided with an enslaved African-American workforce from 1854 to 1859. In 1860, Ulysses, Julia, and their four children moved to Galena, Illinois. Below you will find a variety of digital educational resources compiled by the White House Historical Association that have been sourced from presidential sites relating to President Ulysses S. Grant. Ulysses S. Grant is known as the victorious Civil War general who saved the Union and the 18th President of the United States. White Haven was an 850-acre plantation worked by enslaved people; Grant supervised their forced labor from 1854 to 1859. The Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site preserves and shares "White Haven" the home where Ulysses S. Grant lived with his wife Julia Dent. [4], Enslaved people claimed time for socializing amid their chores. Hurt, R. Douglas. Her father owned slaves, and 18 … According to the National Park Service, during the 1850s the forced labor of enslaved people "was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the 850-acre plantation. Wade, Richard C. Slavery in the Cities: The South 1820-1860. The site is open daily from 9 – 5 and admission is free. Back of the Big House. The Ulysses S. Grant Home in Galena, Illinois is the former home of Ulysses S. Grant, the Civil War general and later 18th President of the United States.The home was designed by William Dennison and constructed in 1859 - 1860. Kitty and Rose served as nurses to Julia and Emma, while Mary Robinson became the family cook. After serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War, Grant returned to White Haven to marry Julia. "When Grant Went A-Courtin'." [4], Forced labor was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the 850-acre plantation. Invited by his former roommate, Frederick Dent, to visit his family’s farm, White Haven, Grant soon became enamored with Dent’s sister, Julia. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is teaming up with the St. Louis County Library to provide FREE virtual programming in 2021!. The home was given to Grant by residents of Galena in 1865 as thanks for his war service, and has been maintained as a memorial to Grant since 1904. But a mistake in his application to West Point changed that, and he became forever known as Ulysses S. Grant. Grant first came to Missouri in 1843 when he was assigned to the 4th Infantry at Jefferson Barracks, south of St. Louis. On many of these estates the owner worked alongside his enslaved people to harvest the greatest economic benefit from the land. Across the street from the "Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site" aka "White Haven". The site, also known as White Haven, commemorates the life, military career, and Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. From 1854 to 1859 the Dents, Grants and an enslaved African-American workforce lived on the property. Enslaved people were often "hired out" by their masters in return for an agreed upon wage. Prior to them living in the home it was Julia's family home and farm. You may recall that Ulysses S. Grant was born in Ohio. She returned to her parents' home after stopping at Ulysses' parents' home in Ohio, where Ulysses Jr., was born. Agriculture and Slavery in Missouri's Little Dixie. A portion of the plantation was later purchased by Adolphus Busch, where he developed his Grant's Farm property, and the acreage around the main house was rescued from development of a Grant-themed amusement park in 1913 by Albert Wenzlick, a St. Louis real estate developer. Of All Ulysses S. Grant's Battles, This Was The One He Never Wanted To Relive by Warfare History Network October 17, 2019 When Grant Met Lee: The Day the U.S. Civil War Finally Came to An End When Theodore and Anne Lucas Hunt purchased William Lindsay Long's home in 1818, there existed "several good log cabins" on the property—potential quarters for the five enslaved people purchased earlier by Hunt. They found it was originally painted green when they were remodeling the house. Casey, Emma Dent. He holds a master’s degree in history with a concentration in public history from IUPUI. The Grants turned White Haven over to William Henry Vanderbilt in 1881, to satisfy a loan Vanderbilt gave Grant after one of the latter's financial partners absconded with investment funds. For decades after his death in 1885, Ulysses S. Grant suffered a reputation as one of the nation’s worst presidents, consistently ranking in the bottom 10 in polls of historians. Yet, through his financially-strapped father's machinations, he was accepted to the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where he was educated at the federal government's expense. [citation needed], Media related to Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site at Wikimedia Commons, White Haven; Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri, National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Louis County, Missouri. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site occupies part of the former White Haven Farm in St. Louis County, Missouri, a former home of Ulysses S. Grant. From Civil War hero to civil rights champion, two-term president to best-selling author, Ulysses S. Grant lived a life of service. Various members of the interpretive staff will be giving virtual presentations on Ulysses S. Grant and 19th century U.S. history over the next few months. This forced labor system was less entrenched in the city of St. Louis, where the African American population was 2% in 1860, down from 25% in 1830. Julia grew up at White Haven as the 5th of 7 children and the first girl. The wide variety of foods prepared in her kitchen were highly praised by Julia: "Such loaves of beautiful snowy cake, such plates full of delicious Maryland biscuit, such exquisite custards and puddings, such omelettes, gumbo soup, and fritters." Free interpretive visits to the house are usually offered every hour or half-hour. [4], Enslaved adults performed many household chores on the Dent plantation. When the online “Zoom Boom” started in late March, Nick Sacco saw an opportunity. I arrived at the Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site in St. Louis, Missouri around 4:00, just an hour before it closed. Julia remembered "Old Bob" going into the meadow to pray and sing. Walk through Ulysses and Julia’s restored home, outbuildings, and stable. The park was designated as a National Historic Site in 1989. Grant finished his book just before he died; the two-volume Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant was a critical and commercial success, earning Julia … Missouri's constitutional convention abolished slavery in the state in January 1865, freeing any enslaved people still living at White Haven. Missouri's Black Heritage. A portion of the wage was sometimes paid to enslaved people, allowing a measure of self-determination and in some cases the opportunity to purchase their freedom. In March 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Commanding General of the U.S. Army and, in just over a year, Union forces secured the surrender of the Confederate army. The house was maintained by Wenzlick and his son until the latter's death in 1979. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Increases Recreational Access. Suffering from depression and loneliness after being separated for two years, Grant finally resigned from the army in 1854 and returned to White Haven. Julia Dent recalled that they fished for minnows, climbed trees for bird nests, and gathered strawberries. Grant, Julia Dent. Operated by St. Louis County Parks and Trailnet, Grant’s Trail is an eight-mile, paved bike and footpath adjacent to the National Historic Site. Vlach, John Michael. These aprons symbolized forced labor, a departure from the less structured days of childhood play. Using the "best improvements in farm machinery" owned by Colonel Dent, field hands plowed, sowed and reaped the wheat, oats, Irish potatoes, and Indian corn grown on the estate. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is the home of victorious Civil War general and 18 th president U.S. Grant and his beloved wife, Julia Dent. The current superintendent is M. Tucker Blythe. He built it on what was part of his father in … The park was closed for the season when we stopped by. Although Grant was unable to enjoy retirement at White Haven, you can enjoy the peace, beauty, and rich history of this Missouri site year round. The site, also known as White Haven, commemorates the life, military career, and Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. Ulysses S Grant National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service) A Place Called Home Ulysses S. Grant is known as the victorious Civil War general who saved the Union and the 18th President of the United States. Grant first met Julia here at White Haven, her family home, where they resided with an enslaved African-American workforce from 1854 to 1859. The work of Walace, Andrew, Lydia, Loutette, and Adie would be an important part of the Hunts' farming venture. Southern Illinois University Press, 1988. This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 08:38. Entrance to Grant's Farm amusement park. During Grant's management of the farm, he worked side by side with Dan, one of the enslaved people given to Julia at birth. His father, Jesse Grant, was a tanner but Hiram had no interest in that profession. Naming the property "White Haven" after his family home in Maryland, Colonel Dent considered himself a Southern gentleman with enslaved people whom he could force to do the farmwork. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is a 9.65-acre (3.91 ha) United States National Historic Site located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, within the municipality of Grantwood Village. He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. The property was owned by the family of his wife, Julia Dent. Although financial and political circumstances took them away for over a decade, they still considered it their family home. While there the Grants ate at Cliff House. Ulysses and Julia Grant were in the process of finishing their two-and-a-half year world tour and arrived in San Francisco in September 1879. Contact: Julie Northrip, 314-943-0376. National Park Service: Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site. [St. Louis, MO] – Following guidance from the White House, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and state and local public health authorities, Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is increasing recreational access. I had to rush through, and then I was on my way to my sister's house in Murphysboro, Illinois. Oxford University Press, 1964. Henrietta, Sue, Ann, and Jeff, among other enslaved people, played with the Dent children. During the Civil War, some enslaved people at White Haven simply walked off, as they did on many plantations in both Union and Confederate states. Through Corbin, Gould and Fisk were able to meet with Grant on several occasions and tried to convince the President to increase the price of gold through reduced government sales, arguing that doing so would help improve depressed farm prices. The Hunts sold the Gravois property to Frederick Dent in 1820, for the sum of $6,000. The site, also known as White Haven, commemorates the life, military career, and Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. In 1989, White Haven became a part of the National Park Service, and is currently one of more than 400 sites managed by that agency. Though it was the home of Union general Ulysses S. Grant, slaves operated the property for decades. (part four in a series). It is unknown whether Dent allowed the people he enslaved to attend services.[4]. Fisk and Gould befriended President Ulysses S. Grant's brother-in-law and friend, Abel Corbin, hoping to influence treasury policy through his connections. University of North Carolina Press, 1993. This is a category about a place or building that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the United States of America. [5] The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. For almost six years he worked on his father-in-law’s farm at White Haven. The house is located right across from Gran'ts Farm and is worth the time to check it out and … Return to the cemetery entrance and turn left to head west on Sheridan Road. Unpublished manuscript, Ulysses S. Grant NHS collection. Few people know about his rise to fame or his personal life. By the 1850s, 18 people were enslaved at White Haven. However, the enslaved children also had chores such as feeding chickens and cows, and they mastered their assigned tasks as the white children went off to school. The White House Historical Association and presidential libraries, historic homes, and museums have a shared goal of providing access to presidential history. [4], Most slaveholders in Missouri enslaved few people; those who owned ten were considered wealthy. Grant's army pay was insufficient to bring his family out to the West Coast, and he tried several business ventures to supplement his income. Ulysses worked with his brothers selling leather goods made in their father's tannery. Five historic structures are preserved at the site, including the childhood home of Ulysses' wife, Julia Dent Grant. Grant first met and proposed to his wife, Julia Dent here. Grant looked forward to a relaxing retirement at White Haven following his second term as president. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is a 9.65-acre (3.91 ha) United States National Historic Site located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Downtown St. Louis, Missouri within the municipality of Grantwood Village. St. Louis Convention and Visitors Commission web site, Commanding General of the United States Army, 1865–1869, United States presidential election, 1868, First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulysses_S._Grant_National_Historic_Site&oldid=996946412, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Missouri, Protected areas of St. Louis County, Missouri, National Register of Historic Places in St. Louis County, Missouri, Buildings and structures in St. Louis County, Missouri, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the National Park Service, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Five historic structures are preserved at the site, including the childhood home of Ulysses' wife, Julia Dent Grant. In Mary Robinson's July 24, 1885, recollections, during an interview for the Missouri Republican's memorial to Grant following his death, she noted that "he always said he wanted to give his wife's slaves their freedom as soon as he was able." An enslaved man named "Old Bob," who traveled with the Dents from Maryland in 1816, had the responsibility to keep the fires going in White Haven's seven fireplaces. Saint Louis Tourism; Saint Louis Hotels; Saint Louis Bed and Breakfast; Saint Louis Vacation Rentals; Saint Louis Vacation Packages; Flights to Saint Louis Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is the home of victorious Civil War general and 18th president U.S. Grant and his beloved wife, Julia Dent. At age seventeen, his father arranged for him to enroll in West Point. In 1859, Grant freed William Jones, the only person he is known to have enslaved. University of Missouri Press, 1992. George Washington Carver National Monument, Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site NPS Website. "[3] From 1854 to 1859, Grant lived here with his wife, Julia, and their children, managing the farm for his father-in-law, Colonel Dent. Explore the museum to learn more about Grant’s life and impact on American history. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, Grant was dining on a “spoonful of ice cream” when George C. Perkins, who had recently been elected Governor of California, called on the restaurant’s telephone. Due to a financial panic in 1857, along with bad weather that destroyed many farmers' crops, Ulysses worked for a short time in the city of St. Louis in real estate and as an engineer. [2], After his marriage to Julia, Grant was stationed in Michigan and New York. Participation in religious activities, individually or as a group, also provided a sense of integrity. Elsewhere in the state, large farms produced a variety of staples, including hemp, wheat, oats, hay, and corn. Posted on April 5, 2020 by mvbattelle. There is a Log Cabin that Grant built in the park. ~Nick Sacco is a public historian who works as a Park Ranger with the National Park Service at Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site. Sacco is a historian at Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site in St. Louis, and he already knew, with the History Channel’s Grant documentary on the horizon, that interest in the general-turned-president was already on the rise. Corn shuckings provided one opportunity to come together as a community to eat, drink, sing, and visit, often including enslaved people from nearby plantations. Grant, along with Dan and other enslaved people, felled trees and took firewood by wagon to sell to acquaintances in St. Louis. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site is a 9.65-acre (3.91 ha) United States National Historic Site located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, within the municipality of Grantwood Village. His experience running this forced labor camp may have influenced him in his later roles as the Union general who won the war which abolished that "peculiar institution," and as President of the United States. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Grant’s sense of duty called him back into military service where he proved to be a brilliant battlefield strategist. According to historian Lorenzo J. Greene, "St. Louis…was the only place in the state where the organized black church achieved any measure of success." Julia traveled with him to these posts, returning to White Haven in 1850 for the birth of their first child, Fred, in 1850. forever."[4]. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site preserves White Haven, the historic home and property of our 18th President. Returning home from boarding school, Julia noted the transition from playmate to servant. Grant, the 18th U.S. President, had little choice in how the plantation was run. Greene, Lorenzo, et al. In November, we went to St. Louis to add Gateway Arch National Park to our list of national parks we have visited. Ulysses S. Grant was one of the most famous Americans of his era. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Park The Texas Eagle route is often called the Presidential Corridor because it touches the hometowns of so many United States presidents. When Ulysses was sent west in 1852, Julia was not able to go with him, being pregnant with their second child. However, the National Historical Park which bears his name is located on the west side of St. Louis, where this Family interests and failed business deals lead him to relinquish the property shortly before his death in 1885. He later said he would have been content to live out his days as “an old Missouri farmer,” but national events altered his plans. More than 75 horses, cattle, and pigs required daily attention, while grounds maintenance and numerous remodeling projects on the main house and outbuildings used the skills of enslaved people. She noted that the enslaved girls had "attained the dignity of white aprons." [4], In 1830, half of the people enslaved by Dent were under the age of ten. Such "carelessness" provided Bob and many other enslaved people an opportunity to escape their masters' eyes. Impoverished by a Ponzi-style swindle and dying of throat cancer, Ulysses S. Grant moved to the Cottage on June 16, 1885. Julia thought Bob was careless to allow the embers to die out, as this forced him "to walk a mile to some neighbors and bring home a brand of fire from their backlog." Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site. In the southeastern Bootheel area and along the fertile Missouri River valley known as "little Dixie," large, single-crop plantations predominated, with an intensive use of enslaved labor. Visit year-round to tour the restored home and outbuildings, stroll the peaceful grounds, and learn more about the 19th century residents of White Haven. Born Hiram Ulysses Grant in 1822, the “S” was not part of his given name. Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site honors the Civil War general and 18th U.S. President. The Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Tour Stop. [2], Grant farmed the White Haven property for his father-in-law, working with the slaves owned by Julia's father. Whiethaven is where Ulysses Grant lived with Julia and where Julia grew up. Religious activities, individually or as a Park Ranger with the St. Louis to add Gateway National... Tour and arrived in San Francisco in September 1879 Hunts ' farming.. 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